CO2 Utilisation is a broad term that covers all established and innovative industrial processes that can transform CO2 into a variety of value-added products such as chemical building blocks, synthetic fuels or building materials. Most reactions to transform the CO2 molecule require an additional energy input; this input must come from a low-carbon source if the CO2 conversion is to be a sustainable solution and bring a positive contribution to the climate change mitigation. CO2 Utilisation is also sometimes called CO2 Transformation or CCU (Carbon Capture and Utilisation).
Its value for Europe
The development and market deployment of CO2 Utilisation technologies can become one of the major growth areas in Europe’s future low carbon economy by:
- Offering solutions to reduce the carbon footprint of hard-to-decarbonise sectors such as the energy-intensive process industries (e.g. cement and lime, chemicals, steel and other metals) or transportation (road, air, maritime).
- Sequestering CO2 permanently in building materials produced by the carbonation of mineral waste
- Offering an alternative, non-fossil feedstock for the production of chemical building blocks
- Offering energy storage options which can facilitate the transition of EU energy systems